After another landslide loss in January`s presidential elections, Taiwan`s opposition Kuomintang (KMT) party faced a critical decision on border crossing policy: should the “1992 consensus” remain within the party`s platform. The 1992 consensus is an agreement between the KMT and the Chinese authorities on the mainland of mainland China on the existence of “One China,” but the KMT says it may have “different interpretations” of One China. After initial hesitation, the new KMT President, Johnny Chiang, announced at the KMT National Congress on 6 September that the party would maintain the 1992 consensus. The “1992 consensus” is a term coined in 1992 by Su Chi (蘇起), a Kuomintang (KMT) politician and former minister of Taiwan`s Mainland Affairs Council. This makes sense, but at the end of the day, for at least four reasons, IT is likely that SMEs will maintain the 1992 consensus in its platform. Burghardt is considered the only U.S. official to have spoken out about the existence of the 1992 consensus. But since the Democratic Progress Party (DPP) came to power in January 2016, China has stepped up its campaign of pressure against the island: a step that, in the worst case scenario, could lead to war. DPP President Tsai Ing-wen, who refused to recognize the consensus, was re-elected this year to ensure, however, that the next four years will be exceptionally tense.
That is why the KMT is betting to position itself as the most pro-China party that, if elected in 2024 and beyond, would restore peace and stability to the strait by recognizing the 1992 consensus. The election of the DPP in the ROC government in 2000 led former SEF official Su Chi to refer to the term “1992 consensus” as an ambiguous substitution to the previous terms, in order to obtain the broadest consensus among the various parties on the outcome of the 1992 meeting.  Some, who dispute the existence of a “1992 consensus,” argue that if there is a “1992 consensus,” it is that (1) there is only one China; and (2) both parties are free to define what “a China” is;  Political scientist Lowell Dittmer once proposed the notion of “triangular dynamics” between the United States, China and the Soviet Union. This model could also be used to describe relations between the United States, China and Taiwan from 1992. How did this triangular dynamic affect Taiwan in 1992? At the time, the “Peaceful Pearl Plan” that provided the United States.